Public holidays are regulated by the Vietnam Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Hanoi and the newly-amended Labour Code of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Although Vietnam officially recognizes 17 public holidays and 10 local or regional observances, workers are only entitled to nine paid holidays per year. Significant public holidays include New Year’s Day and several Tet holidays that honor religious freedom and political independence. The majority of the Tet holidays are observed in February, many of which fall on weekends. According to Vietnamese labour laws, if a recognized public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is observed as a paid holiday.
There are several local and regional observances that are not officially recognized as paid holidays including the Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party, the Birthday of President Ho Chi Minh and Christmas Day. Working Conditions, Wages and Bonuses In Vietnam, all employees are required to enter into a written employment contract or trade union agreement before beginning work. The contract or agreement sets forth the terns of employment, wages and entitlement to overtime compensation, paid holidays and annual leave. According to Vietnam labour laws, employees are not permitted to work more than eight hours each day, or a total of 48 hours per week. Employees are entitled to 24 consecutive hours of rest per week, which usually occurs on weekends. All employees are entitled to be paid at least minimum wage, which is not specified in the labour laws.
In Vietnam, employees’ wages are typically supplemented by employer-established benefit programs. Many employees are forced to work two or three jobs in order to provide for extended families. Many Vietnamese employers provide annual financial bonuses to retain employees and reduce labour shortages. All employees are entitled to a maximum of 12 paid days of vacation per year, in addition to compensation for public holidays.
The law is silent as to whether employees are compensated extra for working on a public holiday. In addition to the 12 days of annual leave, employees can accrue one additional day for each consecutive five years worked at the same company.
|1 Jan||Sun||New Year's Day|
|2 Jan||Mon||New Year's Day Holiday|
|27 Jan||Fri||Lunar New Year Eve|
|28 Jan||Sat||Lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan)|
|29 Jan||Sun||Lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan)|
|30 Jan||Mon||Lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan)|
|31 Jan||Tue||Lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan)|
|1 Feb||Wed||Lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan)|
|2 Feb||Thu||Lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan)|
|6 Apr||Thu||Hung Kings Commemoration Day|
|30 Apr||Sun||Reunification Day|
|1 May||Mon||Labor Day|
|2 May||Tue||Reunification Day Holiday|
|2 Sep||Sat||National Day|
|4 Sep||Mon||National Day Holiday|